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Forensics, Interrogation, Psychology

The truth about lies and deception…….honest. Can you Spot a Lie?

THE TRUTH ABOUT LIES AND DECEPTION…….HONEST.

I have read the terms and conditions. Surely the single greatest lie ever told, certainly in terms of the volume of us who have ticked that box knowing that really we haven’t.  However, deception breeds deception and with now defunct computer game shopGamestation taking advantage of the aforementioned ‘fib’ by fiendishly incorporating into the smallprint of their online terms and conditions- that they owned the very soul of anyone whom blindly ticked the box -‘the immortal soul clause’ as it was called.  Over 7.500 people were caught out on April 1st 2010- they were refunded their soul in an email.

6a00d8341c00c753ef0133ef9c3556970b

However lying, deception, untruthful, false, dishonest, mendacious, perfidious, duplicitous, dissimulating, dissembling and double Janus-facedness is a normal human behaviour, not just human, animals deceive too. Koko the Gorilla had been taught sign language and ruthlessly blamed the ripping out of a sink from a wall on her pet kitten (Koko signed on the return of her keepers…..”The cat did it!”).  If we are to take an evolutionary view it is asurvival mechanism, a simple smile to someone you despise or you feel threatened by is a useful tactic to hide any weaknesses that may be exploited by them and hide, deceive them of your true feelings. However false smiles can be detected if you know where to look – the muscles that generate a warm and honest smile are different to those that are created  when creating a false smile. It’s all in the eyes…you see.

Those lying eyes

real-eyesThe eyes truly are the window to the soul. However don’t be fooled by so called Neuro Linguistic Programming techniques  (a good example of pseudoscience) that if someone is looking up when telling you something then they are lying there is little evidence to support this but is something that your hear still being pedled around every now and then.

And there lies the crux of the matter…are there any reliable physical cues to deceptiouniversal-facial-expressionsn?  Maybe a more fundamental question is are there any universal responses of facial expression or body language? (The eyebrow flash for recognition of someone  is thought to be pretty universal as an involuntary response.)   Certainly classic research by Ekmaninto facial expression has suggested that there are a handful of truly universal expressions. However deceivingly there is a long tradition ofsupposed cues to deception or ‘tells’ as gamblers would say little unconscious signs of anxiety, uncertainty due to knowingly attempting to convince someone of something you know not to be true. Going red, not being able to look someone in the eye, looking at someone for too long in the eye, rubbing the back of the neck, rubbing the ear lobes, scratching the nose, excessive blinking (note that psychopaths reportedly blink less and maybe that is why they are better at deceiving people) are all ways many think they can spot a liar – but where does the truth lie?

Bad Lie detectors

Many of these are signs of anxiety not necessarily deception, blinkinghowever Polygraphs (aka lie detectors)  have been used for many years in criminal investigations in the United States (and on the Jeremy Kyle show) and provided as evidence, however it measures variations in physiological arousal (not lying) and therefore fundamentally flawed, the American Psychological Association concluded:

The development of currently used “lie detection” technologies has been based on ideas about physiological functioning but has, for the most part, been independent of systematic psychological research. Early theorists believed that deception required effort and, thus, could be assessed by monitoring physiological changes. But such propositions have not been proven and basic research remains limited on the nature of deceptiveness. Efforts to develop actual tests have always outpaced theory-based basic research. Without a better theoretical understanding of the mechanisms by which deception functions, however, development of a lie detection technology seems highly problematic.

For now, although the idea of a lie detector may be comforting, the most practical advice is to remain skeptical about any conclusion wrung from a polygraph.                                          Cited; http://www.apa.org/research/action/polygraph.aspx

truth_9
F.B.I advice for detection

Good lie detectors

Where humans on average can detect lies at marginally above chance level – 54% but surely professionals such as Police officers are better?  When Samantha Mannconducted research into a new area of ‘highstake_liars‘ and found some interesting results, there seemed to be a greater emphasis on story cuesrather than the historic notion  body language cues of the more experienced and stronger lie detectors used in the research.

Watch the slide show giving an overview of the study below…or read the full highstake_liars article.

The fun of deception

However the detection of lies can be fun……………..in a light entertainment kind of way.  The story cues on the clip below may seem so far fetched that it must be a lie…it must be………..mustn’t it?

Psychlite

I have read the terms and conditions. Surely the single greatest lie ever told, certainly in terms of the volume of us who have ticked that box knowing that really we haven’t.  However, deception breeds deception and with now defunct computer game shop Gamestation taking advantage of the aforementioned ‘fib’ by fiendishly incorporating into the smallprint of their online terms and conditions- that they owned the very soul of anyone whom blindly ticked the box -‘the immortal soul clause’ as it was called.  Over 7.500 people were caught out on April 1st 2010- they were refunded their soul in an email.

6a00d8341c00c753ef0133ef9c3556970b

However lying, deception, untruthful, false, dishonest, mendacious, perfidious, duplicitous, dissimulating, dissembling and double Janus-facedness is a normal human behaviour, not just human, animals deceive too. Koko the Gorilla had been taught sign language and ruthlessly blamed the ripping out of a sink from a wall on her pet kitten (Koko signed…

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About SW Cali Commentary / Net Production

Jessica Zoe was born in Chicago, Illinois,” the windy city” where she spent the first 5 years of her life. She was raised in San Diego, but spent a brief time attending Jr. High school in Ireland where her extended family currently resides. Jessica graduated from Montana State University with a B.S. in Sociology / Anthropology. Soon afterwards she received a M.S. degree in Forensic Science from National University in San Diego. She also received a M.S. in Legal studies at the University of San Diego. Jessica’s favorite aspect of school is the sense of routine and accomplishment that she feels when she completes assignments and papers. The most challenging part of school has been realizing that most of the subject matter presented is best viewed "objectively". In other words, "don’t take all the material presented at face value". After college, Jessica spent several years working as a Legal Assistant for Construction Defect Attorneys in San Diego. She also worked as a Claims Adjuster for car accident attorneys as well. She then moved to north county where she worked in sales for the following 10 years. She has participated in all aspects of selling, from setting the appointment to closing the deal. Her favorite aspect of working has been the interaction with people. She enjoys socializing and is definitely a people-person. Jessica is currently working on her Doctorate of Education in Organizational Leadership, AKA EdD. where she hopes to network her way into the Forensic field to teach and consult. In Jessica’s spare time, she enjoys watersports and online publishing whenever she gets a break fromher current job in Commercial Transport. Jessica's current areas of interest for online self-publishing include: Industrial Automation | Hospital Protocols | Product Recalls | Legal Updates | Weatherizing & Climate | Environment | Space | Racing | Forensics | Sports & Event updates.

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